Milwood Animal Clin​ic​

Rabbit Nutrition

What should I feed my rabbit?
In addition to hay and pellets (see insert on the left), your rabbit should be offered a wide variety of leafy vegetables from the following list.  Adult rabbits should be offered approximately 1 cup of greens per 2 to 3 pounds of body weight per day.  If your bunny has never eaten fresh vegetables before, introduce them slowly over 1 to 2 weeks time to avoid loose stools.  Try to rotate the types of veggies you offer on a weekly basis to help maintain a balanced diet.  All fresh food items should be washed before being given to your rabbit. ​​ When feeding fresh vegetables from your yard or garden make sure no pesticides or herbicides have been used on them.
An adult rabbit’s diet should include free-choice hay (Timothy, oat, Bermuda grass, orchard grass, fescue, etc.), fresh vegetables, a small amount of high quality pellets, and free-choice water. Hay should comprise approximately 70% , pellets 20%, and vegetables 10% of your adult bunny's dietary intake.  A diet based mainly on pellets does not provide enough wear for a rabbit’s molars and may result in dental problems. Pellets are also high in calories and can lead to obesity.
Feed the following greens in abundance:
Dill leaves
Peppermint leaves
Raspberry leaves
Red or Green Leaf Lettuce
Romaine lettuce (no iceberg or light colored leaf lettuce)*
Wheat grass

The following greens should be offered in smaller amounts and less often:
Alfalfa, radish & clover sprouts^
Beet greens (tops)^*
Bok Choy†
Brussels sprouts†
Carrot tops^*
Collard greens†^*
Dandelion greens and flowers (no pesticides or herbicides)^*
Mustard greens†^*
Radish tops^
Swiss Chard^
Spinach †^*
Turnip Greens†^

* Contains high amounts of Vitamin A, which is good for skin and eye health
^ Contains high amounts of oxalates & may cause health problems if fed too often. 
† Contains high amounts of goitrogens & may cause health problems if fed too often. 
What to do if your rabbit stops eating!
Other fresh vegetables, such as bell pepper, carrot and other root vegetables, squash, broccoli, and cauliflower can be offered as treats.  Feed up to 1 tablespoon per 2 pounds of body weight per day.  Fruits should be considered special treats and only be given in very small amounts occasionally. A high amount of sugar in the diet should be avoided because it may adversely affect the digestive system. The best fruits are those that are low in sugar such as strawberries, raspberries, and blackberries. We do not recommend feeding bananas, grapes, dried fruits, or commercial "yogurt drop" treats because they are high in sugar and can become "addicting" to bunnies. ​​Other food sources to avoid include popcorn, bread, crackers, nuts, and seeds.